Kerala at a glance
TRIVANDRUM (THIRUVANANTHA PURAM)
TRIVANDRUM (THIRUVANANTHA PURAM)
14- Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Paathanamthitta, Allapuzha, Kottayam, Idukki,Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Malapuram,
Air :- There are three international airports in Kerala. They are at (South to the North)
Trivandrum(Thiruvanantha puram) south part of kerala , close to kovalam Beach(25min) ,varkala beach(1 hr30min), Kanyakumari (Cape cameron)2 hrs, Alleppey 4 hrs, Periyar wild life 7hrs
Cochin Airport (Nedumbassey) Centre Part of kerala close to Cochin city&Fort cochin(33/45kms)Cherai beach (45min) Kumarakom/Alleppey(2hrs), Munnar(4hrs) Periyar (5hrs) Trichur/Athirampally water falls (one hr20min)Palakkad (3hrs)
They operate both Domestic as well as International flights.
Road and Railways :- The State is well connected by rails and roads.
PORT (COCHIN,KOLLAM,VIZHINJAM,BEYPORE (
BEACHES ( KOVALAM,VARKALA,ALLEPPEY(MARARI) CHERAI ,Kappad and Bekhel)
WILD LIFE SANCTURIES (Thekaddy (Periyar) , Parambikulam , Wayanad ,
BIRD SANCTURIES (THETTEKAD,KUMARAKOM)
MAJOR HILL STATIONS( Ponmudi Peenamade, Thekaddy, Munnar and Wayanad)
FARM/CASH CROPS ( Rubber , Coffee, Tea , Spices , Pepper Cashew , Arecanut and Rice)
EXPORTS ( Marine , coir , handicrafts, spices , food and other products)
- Tourism , informnation taechnology , fertilizer , Oil refining and power generation,
WINTER (DECEMBER -JANUARY)
TOURIST SEASON (nOVEMBER-JANUARY)
Kerala God's Own country
Kerala....... When the world sat up and took notice of Kerala , it was not only because of its incredible scenic beauty .
People were talking about this strip on the west coast of india , a small state in a developing country that had achieved exemplary development levels. In spite of a low per capital income , Kerala had achieved a social indicators at par with the developed world .
keralites were highly literature,remarkably healthy,enjoyed a fairly good standard of living and had a society where women were greatly visible
Welcome to Kerala * God's Own Country*
Kerala...God's own country
Chinese Fishing Net- Fort Cochin
Musical rhythms of kerala, you hear while travelling around....
A Traveller in kerala must know definitly few places.....
1 The Historic Place Cochin (Kochi) the centre part of kerala ( The port city of Kochi has a very colorful and rich history. It was formerly known as Cochin and used to serve as an important trading center in the ancient times. The city occupies a very strategic position geographically, being flanked by the Western Ghats on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. It has, thus, long been a real enticing destination for travelers, traders and seafarers. Slowly it gained the reputation of being a significant spice-trading center.
In many ancient scriptures and history books based on Kochi, one will find that the ancient travelers and tradesmen who came to the city referred to it as Cochym, Cochin, Cochi and even Cocym. During those days, Cochin city of Kerala witnessed successive waves of migration by the Arabs, British, Chinese, Dutch, and Portuguese, who came here mainly for the purpose of trade. Many of these groups went on to reside in the city for sometime before migrating away to other lands.
History before the Portuguese rule
The earliest account of Cochin is derived from the records made by the Chinese traveler, Ma Huan. Even in other documents belonging from the same period, the account of Cochin history prior to the Portuguese rule is quite vague. As per the available information, the city gained its reputation of being a port city only after the collapse of the Kulashekhara kingdom. These accounts also state that Cochin was invaded by foreigners and colonized many times. The king remained the titular head.
The Portuguese Period
The time during which Cochin was under the Portuguese rule is very interesting. It is said admiral, Pedro Cabral was sent by the Portuguese king to set up a factory at the city. The Raja of Cochin succumbed to the demand of the admiral, but mainly out of fear of the native Zamorins. Later, it was the legendary traveler Vasco Da Gama, who managed to pacify the Zamorins. The Portuguese then built Fort Manuel to protect their factory from any sort of attack.
The Dutch rule over Cochin lasted from 1663 to 1795. They defeated the Portuguese and disposed the Cochin Raja. After landing confidently at Njarakal, they went on to seize the Pallippuram fort, which they later gave to the Zamorins. Cochin prospered under the Dutch rule by shipping pepper, cardamom and other spices, coir, coconut, and copper. The native ethnic religious groups in the city like the Hindus, Muslims, Syrian Christian and Jewish minorities too raked profits of the prosperity.
The British Period and Thereafter
The port city of Cochin had become highly developed during the time of the British rule in India. Later, this city became the first princely state to join the Indian Union willingly after India achieved Independence from the British rule. It slowly developed into not only a major commercial and industrial centre in the country, but also an enticing tourist destination. This reputation, Kochi has maintained till date.
2 The Back waters of Kerala on the south (Alleppey/Kumarakom/Kollam)
3 The Tea Gardens - Munnar
4 Wild life & Plantations -Periyar(Thekkady) Wayanad
5 Beaches of kerala (Kovalam, Varkalam Alleppey-Marari, Cherai ,Calicut, Kannur
Cochin (commercial city & Historical Place of kerala)
Ernakulam (cochin/kochi) Is located on the Coast of the Arabian sea with Kottayam & Alleppey Districts in the south, Idukki in the east and Trichur in the north.The commercial capital & the most cosmopolitan city of kerala, Kochi in Ernakulam , is also known as the Queen of the Arabian sea.With one of the Finest natural harbor in the world, this was once a major center for trade withthe Arabs,Chinese,Portuguese,Dutch,Brittish
Distance- From Airport to Down town-cochin city (Ernakulam) 33 km
Airport to Fort cochin (old& Heritage part) 45km.City to fort Cochin (by road 12 km ) Ferry boat 20 min(6am to 9pm(from Main Boat Jetty&Fort cochin) --Main shopping area at M.G road (Mahatma Gandhi road) Gold Jewelers, Garments/Textiles/Music shops/Electronics etc.
Broadway-(opp-marine drive) a paradise for wholesale shoppers , you can find anything here –from shoes , cloths. Medicines, furniture,curios and kitchenware to spices, gold, hardware electronics & books: within this labyrinth of tiny stores , all crammed haphazardly together. Marine Drive- This scenic strip ,which is the main hangout for the local populace is considered to be one of the most beautiful parts of the city with a spectacular view of the backwaters and the harbor.
You can hire - speed boats/motor boats for a cruise -(8am to 8pm) Also daily Sunset cruise at marine drive .Shopping Mall-LULU MALL At (Edappally-7km from City MG Road ,one of the biggest in south Asia) near by ,Oberon Mall ,8 km from city, Also Gold Souq at Vytila(4km from city)Cebtre Squire Mall in the heart of MG road,Bay Pride Mall at Marine Drive.
Kathakali dance(Literally means Story –play .It is highly Dramatic & mimetic dance form interpreting the moral Values Of God & man.(Daily shows at Ernakulam/Fort cochin .Make-up starts at 6pm – play 6.30 to 7.30 pm
With a History dating back to the 14th century, fort cochin has been witness to a rich variety of events. Which have made it what it is today. The only place in India to have been colonized by the three European powers- the Portuguese in 1500, the Dutch in 1663, and the British till 1947- there remains in this place traces of a blend of influences.(Historic-places)- Jews synagogue, Dutch palace, Chinese fishing net, St Francis church (Vasco Da Gama ) , Santa cruz Basilica church ,Dutch cemetery, Jew town ,Spices market…….etc. opens 930am to 5pm
.Cherai beach –A finest beach for swimming, The Golden sands stretch a long way ,nearly 8kms ,on either side of cherai village, with a long paved walkway abutting the beach road (from city 22 k m, fort cochin by ferry boat 5min to Vyppin+22 kms)
MUNNAR-(By road from Cochin 4 hrs)
Attitude;1500 –2500m above sea level Kerala’s most famous hill station is perched at 5000 ft in the western Ghats , at the confluence of three streams .In the vicinity of Anamudi , which at 8841 ft is the highest peak south of the Himalayas. Tea is Munnar’s claim to fame. Here, more than 12000 hectares of lush , manicured tea fields from an irresistible canvas against which honeymooners pose. A trip to Munnar is a journey through picturesque surroundings, but the most –after offering of the estates is the unbelievably pure air.(Sight seeing places Around "Eco point ,Mattupetty Dam, Eravikulam National park,Tea Museum,Top Stations etc)
Anayirankal- (Elephents landing area)
Run by Tata tea ,
Thekkady(periyar Tiger Reserve -wild life) Periyar/Thakkady/kumaly (by road 3 hrs from Munnar, From Cochin 5hrs)
One of the 27 Tiger reserves in India , the periyar valley in Thekkady is the oldest. Its also the largest protected area in kerala, situated in the southern region of the western ghats, the sprawling 777 sq km of forest land is the habitat of the Asian elephants. A repository of rare , endemic and endangered Flora & Fauna, the valley is a major watershed for two important rivers , periyar & pampa.
Plantation Tour- Tea, cardamom, pepper & coffee plantations surrounded at the Periyar wild life sanctuary
Elephant safari (30 min through plantations )Tribal heritage Museum,Trekking- Boating at the Periyar River,Elephent Safari
Alleppey (Allappuzha) Location- On a thin strip of land , sandwiched between the Arabian sea & the punnamada Backwaters.
A back water cruise on the punnamada kayal –takes you along canals past scenic islands offering sublime views of coconut & paddy fields , Chinese fishing nets & toddy tapers at work .
House boats (Rice Boats/Kettuvallam) takes you on a journey through lake Vembanad in a house boat.A Journey that bares the indescribable beauty , in a very soul of kerala kettuvalams (barges of yore converted in to house boats ) Echo-friendly , only natural and local materials are used for the interiors- coir matted decks & canopies made spilt bamboo and palm fronds. This simplicity is also reflected in the meals that the cook serves you on board in house oats, which on a typical day would include among other divine dishes ,the famed Karimeen( backwater-pearl fish)
Check in time 1130 pm, check out next day 9.30 pm , includes all meals.
The lush green palm-fringed landscape, diverse wildlife, and houses and villages that line the backwaters make a journey along these waterways seem like a journey through another world. Don't miss it!
Those on a budget can go on one of the many half or full day backwater tourist cruises that are on offer. Alternatively, if you want to check out the backwaters very cheaply, it's possible to take one of the public boat services operated by the State Water Transport Department, such as the one between Alleppey and Kottayam. Travel time is two and a half hours, with numerous daily departures.You can hire house boats, Motor boats/Shikari boats/Speed boats etc from Alleppey.
Government Boats (KSWTC) are operating daily from Alleppey Boat Jetty, near KSRTC Bus station.
IN Alleppey (Alllappuzha)
Boats to short distance-Kavalam/Pulinkunnu/Ramankary/Kainakary/ R.block /VaikomBoats to Kottaym (3hrs)Boats to Kollam (Quilon) 8 hrs(Also ATDC/DTPC Boats) Dep 1030 am from Alleppey .Arrive at Kollam 5pm .From Kollam by road to Varkala cliff beach 45 min
********************* K E R A L A **********************
The name Kerala means land of Kera or Cocunut trees .As the name implies , you can see cocunut palm everywhere in Kerala .Humid tropical climate and ample rainfall in Kerala helps in flourishing cocunut trees.People of Kerala consider Cocunut palm as a celestial tree because each and every part of the tree is useful.
The fruit of coconut palm is called coconut.The juice of the tender coconut is a natural healthy drink.Flesh of the cocunut is used in almost all curries made by Malayalees .Malayalee people prepare most of their dishes using this nutritious fruit. cocunut milk made from the kernal is used for cooking and making beauty care products like hair oil, soaps, perfumes etc.From the dried flesh or kernel of the cocunut , oil is extracted .Cocunut oil is used for preparing food items,in medicines ,as lubricant and oil in lamps.The crushed remains of the dried kernel is used as cattle food.
coconut fiber can be used for making products like mats, carpets, bed , rope etc.
From the nut shell of cocunut handicraft items like flower vase,show pieces etc are made.
Agricultural History of Kerala
Kerala is famous for spices from olden days . Kerala is a tropical region situated between Arabian sea and western ghats .Before stonage kerala was a dense forest . Starting from Lohayuga agricultural activities started in Kerala .To some years back Kerala's economy was basically dependant on agricultural products like cocunut ,spices,tea and rubber. it shows importance of agriculture and kerala economy.
Kuttanad is a large area made up of low-lying land spread across Alappuzha District. Agriculture is the major occupation and paddy is grown as far as the eye can see. Duck rearing is a subsidiary occupation for many farmers and thousands of ducks wadding over the fields, lakes and rivers is a beautiful sight across the district. Duck growers from even distant places bring their flocks to Kuttanad during the harvest season.
people of kerala......
Kerala is the southernmost state in the Indian subcontinent on the western Arabian sea coast. The leaf-slim state's 560 km length widens out in the centre to 120 km but all along its eastern edge it is guarded by the Western Ghats which rise to an average height of 900 meters and occasionally rise to well over 1,800 meters.
The People of Kerala also has considerable ethnic diversity. The Malayali majority belong to the Dravidian group (local race) of early Indian peoples. There is a small population of descendants of Indo-European migrants from the north. Certain hill tribes exhibit affinities with the Negrito peoples of Southeast Asia.
Most Keralites are Hindus, but there are also large Christian and Islamic, and lesser Jain and Jewish, minorities. The official language is Malayalam. A long contact with the outside world has led to an intriguing blend of cultures and given Keralites a cosmopolitan outlook
Going back to the history of kerala, we find that the people mainly wear traditional dress. The traditional dress of the women is the ‘mundu-neryathum’ which is a form of saree. It can be considered as ancient saree. They also wear the normal sari and blouse. The origin of the word "Sari" is from Sanskrit word "Sati" meaning a strip of cloth.During the earlier times the men wear shirt and mundu and also a small ‘neriyathu’ is placed on their shoulder. There are various ways in which a mundu can be worn. Hindu women wear mundu in a similar way as that of men.But the Christian women makes a fan shaped fold, at their back. They wear a long top over the mundu which extends upto the hips.
In Kerala the Lungi, locally known as Kaili or Kalli Mundu, is worn by both men and women. It is considered a casual dress or working dress of physical labourers. Most men in Kerala use lungi as home dress or sleep dress. When used as a house dress men usually leave their upper body uncovered. Lungis are generally colourful, and with varying designs. Lungis are not used during occasions such as weddings or other religious ceremonies. Saffron-coloured mundus are also known as kaavi Mundu
vi mundu.Men were dressed in a hand-woven cotton cloth, called moondoo, and wore sandal pastes on their chests and brows. When going outside, they threw a smaller cloth over their shoulders.
Even now, men adopt the same style when at home. The hot climate makes this the most comfortable dress. On going out, however, they don a shirt, and the trouser replaces the moondoo in many cases.
women's dress of kerala
Women of three or four generations ago also followed a similar pattern. For the last few generations, Hindu women of Kerala had adopted the practice of wearing a blouse and a second cloth over the blouse.
Both men and women preferred white dresses. The moondoos had gold (kasavoo) borders for wearing on special occasions,
Kerala or ‘God’s own Country’ as this coastal is popularly known as is also famous for its trademark ‘Kerala saree’. The ‘ Kerala Saree’ as this gorgeous piece of fabric is better known as today, is quite simple in its appearance- the entire body has an off-white or cream coloured shade accompanied by a thin or thick gold border which is locally known as the ‘kasavu’.
Kerala Sarees are usually worn for very important occasions such as for religious ceremonies, during Onam festivities and of course, by Hindu brides for weddings as well. Traditionally, a Kerala saree used to be hand-woven from pure cotton with a pallu that varied between 1 to 6 inches. The traditional method of wearing this set-saree (the Kerala saree combined with a colourful blouse) was quite simple and showed off the rich gold border beautifully on the thigh when worn. Another reason why set- sarees are also quite popular is because they can be paired with blouses of different hues to create a new look each time.
This gorgeous South Indian bride carries off a beautiful kasavu (traditional saree amongst the kerala brides) Kerala values nothing more than Gold, and it is comforting for the people of the state to know that their erstwhile rulers too had a fascination for the yellow metal, which they stored in the temple as an offering and as an insurance against famine. The innumerable jewelry shops around the temple and elsewhere in Kerala may be handling as much gold as the temple has accumulated. “God’s Own Country” is fast becoming “Gold’s Own Country.
With only 3 percent of India’s population, Kerala gobbles up 20 percent of the country’s gold every year, and the World Gold Council estimates that India, the largest consumer of gold in the world, consumes 30 percent of the global supply. Two hundred thousand people are employed in the gold industry in this tiny state. Such is the love of gold in Kerala that there may be no household without some gold, tucked away as savings, either to be given away as wedding gifts for daughters or to raise cash by way of gold loans or outright sale.
Traditional ornaments continue to influence even present gold designs and patterns of Kerala Jewelleries. Kasu Mala (Kaasumala), Palakka Mala, Nagapada Thali, Karimani Mala, Mullamottu Mala, Manga Mala, Cheruthali (Thalikoottam), Addiyal, Kashali, Poothali, Jhimki etc. remain an evergreen influence. Every household boasts of owning at least one of them. Even though it comprises only about 5% in case of the daily gold business, traditional gold ornaments remain a main asset of Kerala families.
Foreign and domestic tourists buy gold from Kerala. They are attracted by the variety of special traditional designs, mostly Kasu Mala, Palakka and Jhimki which are very popular among gold lovers around the globe.
People always like to keep a good rhythms of happiness......
Onam The harvest festival of Kerala
Carnival of Onam lasts for ten days and brings out the best of Kerala culture and tradition. First day, Atham and tenth day, Thiruonam are most important of all. Popularity and presentation of rich culture of the state during the carnival made Onam the National Festival of Kerala. Elaborate feasts, folk songs, elegant dances, energetic games, elephants, boats and flowers all are a part of the dynamic festival called Onam. Thousands of domestic and foreign tourists visit Kerala to be a part of Onam.
The final day of the festival when devotees pay respects to Lord Mahavishnu.
"Uriyadi" in progress on the eve of Sreekrishna Jayanthi, in Thiruvananthapuram. T
There are a number of indoor and outdoor games played in Kerala especially during Onam. The elders usually take part in a game of chess or cards while the younger members prefer to indulge in some noisy games outside.
Thalapandu is a common game played during this time. It is known better as a version of football. The ball is made of thick leather stuffed with coconut fibre or cotton. The participants form two teams called the ins and the outs. The participants kick the ball like in football until it goes beyond a stick that is placed as a boundary mark. The turn then goes to the next team. This is a game of many rules and stages but is one that has both players and spectators in a state of great excitement.
Throw and scoot:A sporty man shows youngsters in a city colony how to pitch the ball in a game of 'seven tiles,' one of the old games almost wiped out
Thiruvathira kali is a typical dance form of Kerala. This is a female group dance made up of simple yet very attractive steps. In ancient times
Kalaripayattu is one of the traditional and Dravidian martial art from of the Kerala
Oppana dance A dance form essential to the wedding entertainment and festivities of the Malabar Muslims. Maidens and young female relatives sing and dance
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One of the colorful cultural programs that is held during the Onam festival in Kerala is the Pulikkali – 'Puli' means tiger and 'Kali' means play
we share with you the true light.....